Archive for Alabama

Negroes Returning

   Notwithstanding that many of the Southern negroes who went North last winter, literally “caught fits” in the cold climate, and many died of pneumonia and other ailments, still some in the South are yet inclined to leave the only place where they will ever be treated kindly, and go North.  It was last Saturday that one or two Alabama counties reported that “labor agents” had worked up crowds of negroes who would go North as soon as those agents came with the transportation and “other inducements”  but read here a report which came out from Atlanta on the same date.

   The exodus of negroes from the south to the northern cities, where they have been lured by immigration agents holding out false promises of high wages and social equality with white people, seems to have reached the high water mark and is now receding, with a backswing of negroes, toward the south.  But hundreds of the poor victims will never return and extremely pitiful reports come from the chairity and social service organizations in northern cities, telling of the suffering and hardships endured by southern negroes who went from the warm climate of their native land to the bitter winter of the north.  The accounts of these hardships told by negroes who have been so fortunate as to get back to the south will probably do more than anything else to stop the northern exodus.

Union Springs Herald, 1917

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On An Ancestral Journey

In 1992 if anyone had told me that I would spend the next thirteen years on an ancestral journey I would have laughed at them. Like everyone else in
America, I too had watched the 1976 movie Roots by Alex Haley. The movie caused me to experience many different emotions; however, none of them ignited a desire to follow in the footsteps of Mr. Haley. As a matter of fact, I probably did not think it was a possibility for the average person. 

I’m not sure what it is about one’s personality that draws them to the art of genealogy and family research because it can be tedious, discouraging, dirty and expensive.  However, it can also be full of surprises and very rewarding. Whatever the reason, there is a very strong desire to discover who your ancestors were and to share information about them that no one else knows.  You begin to wonder if you look like any of them, did you pick up any of their personalities or skills, and what were their lives like during their lifetimes.  Read the rest of this entry »

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From Eufaula, Alabama to Liberia

On 14 May 1868 the ship Golconda set sail from Savannah, Georgia.  Onboard were 39 Eufaula residents heading for Bexley, Grand Bassa County, Liberia.   According to letters received by the American Colonization Society (ACS), there were hundreds of African Americans from the Eufaula area requesting passage to Africa.  Below is a transcribed list of Eufaula emigrants originally published by the ACS in The African Repository. Read the rest of this entry »

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Coosa County Orphans Court Records (ca. 1842- ca. 1853)

This section will include inventories of slaves, etc. found in the  Coosa County orphans court records:  Some of the names were hard to read and the best translation was used, however all records can be viewed on microfilm at the Alabama Department of Archives and History in Montgomery,
Alabama or the original books at the Coosa County Court House.
  Records of accounts in the Orphans Court of Coosa County Alabama, Lettered F  & Numbered 4. (ca.1842- ca.1853)

  • The following is a Bill of Appraisements of goods chattels and effects of the Estate of Robert W Smith late ofCoosa
    County dec[esed]:

1          Negro Man named Isaac     $   550

1          Woman named Dysy                400

1          Woman Named Milly               450

1          Negro Girl Named Caroline      200

1          Negro Boy Named Joe            600

Page 36-37,  4 July 1843  

  • Appraisements of Estate of Robert Martin De[cesed] Continue

1          Negro Boy Named Richard  $  275 

Page 47, 11 December 1843

  • Return of sale made our the 1st Monday in April 1843 of one Negro girl about 9 or 10 years old Named Linda belonging to the Estate of D K Smith decd- Malcome Smith being the highest bidder purchased said girl for Two hundred & fifty seven dollars – the 19th April 1843.

Page 48, 19 apirl 1843

  • Appraisment of the personal property belonging to the estate of Robert Harda:

1      Negro Man named Adam 75 years old—$            $   100

1      Negro Man named Frida 65 years old                        100

1      Negro Man named Sam 50 years old                           100

1      Negro Woman named Charity                               nothing

1      Negro Woman named Pleasant 50 years old               100

1      Negro Woman named Moning  45 years old                325

1      Negro Woman named Caroline 30 years old                400

1      Negro Woman named Viney 30 years old                    450

1      Negro Woman named Hanna 25 years old                   500

1      Negro Woman named L Charity 25 years old               500

1      Negro Man named Jefferson 30 years old                    750

1      Negro Man named Nelson 25 years old                       700

1      Negro Man  named Rie 32 years old                           700

1      Negro Man named Spencer 30 years old                 nothing  

1      Negro Girl named Juley 11 years old                           350

1     Negro Gil name Martha 10 years old                           350    

1     Negro      


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Acts of Alabama: Trials of Slaves (1819)

Below is an extract from the Acts of Alabama, 1818 to 1828, found online.  This is one of many Acts pertaining to people of color that will be posted on this blog. The original documents are at the Alabama Department of Archives and History in Montgomery, AL. 

  • View the Acts of Alabama in Color (Index) on this blog.
  • View all extracts on this blog this far. 

    An act to amend the several acts concerning the trial of Slaves (1819) 

    Session: Annual Session, Oct-Dec 1819

    Page: 88-89  


    Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That from and after the passage of this act, the Justices of the Inferior court of every county or incorporation, shall be Justices of Oyer and Terminer, for trying slaves in this state charged with treason, felony or other crimes and misdemeanors of a higher grade than petit larceny, which trials shall be before any three or more Justices of the court aforesaid, and by a jury of twelve good and lawful men of the vicinage, where such crime shall have been committed. Read the rest of this entry »

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