Archive for Author: S C Jordon

Effects of Slavery on the White Population

According to a citizen of Eufaula

 

ITEM #22972
October 17, 1850
THE NATIONAL ERA
Washington, D.C., Vol.
IV No. 198 p. 166
 

THE DESPOTISM OF SLAVERY. 

We had occasion to comment lately upon the bondage imposed by the Slave Power upon the white race in the South – referring to a recent attempt by the people of Eufaula, Alabama, to eject one of their own citizens, not because he was an abolitionist, but because he was a subscriber to the National Era, in which we had published an extract of a letter received from his, (but not intended for publication) speaking of the injurious effects of slavery on the white population. The sentiments were truthful, but moderate; the language was kind and unexceptionable, and it was written by a man born and raised in the South. But Slavery took offence and demanded his expulsion.

The principal mischief-maker in the case was the postmaster at Eufaula. He wrote us a note, stating that he had refused to deliver the copy of the Era, Read the rest of this entry »

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“Southern Man with Northern Feelings”

Captain Elisha Betts Ordered to Leave Eufaula

ITEM #22901
October 3, 1850

THE NATIONAL ERA
Washington, D.C., Vol. IV No. 196 p. 158

THE SLAVERY OF THE WHITE RACE IN THE SOUTH.

The Slavery of the white race in many parts of the South is as ignominious, if not as cruel, as that of the blacks. The following is from the Southern Press, which seems to sympathize with Lynch Law as the proper remedy for Freedom of opinions:
“We find the following account of a ‘summary process’ case, in the Columbus Times. The climate of Georgia is getting uncomfortably warm for Southern men with Northern feelings. – Southern Press.


“NOTICE TO QUIT. – ‘At a large public meeting at Eufaula, Ala., last week, one Captain Elisha Betts, of that place, was ordered to leave on short notice – he having been discovered as the author of an abolition communication from that city to the Washington Era, abolition paper. Read the rest of this entry »

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AL Enforces US Laws Against Slave Trade

Below is an extract from the Acts of Alabama, 1818 to 1828, found online.  This is one of many Acts pertaining to people of color that will be posted on this blog. The original documents are at the Alabama Department of Archives and History in Montgomery, AL. 

  • View the Acts of Alabama in Color (Index) on this blog.
  • View all extracts on this blog this far.   
  • To carry into effect the laws of the United States prohibiting the slave trade. (1823) 

    Session: Annual Session, 18 November 1822 – 1 January 1823

    Page: 62-63             

    AN ACT

    To carry into effect the laws of the United States prohibiting the slave trade.

    Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That the Governor of this state be, and he is hereby, authorized and required to appoint some suitable person, as the agent of the state to receive all and every slave or slaves or persons of colour, who may have been brought into this state in violation of the laws of the United States, prohibiting the slave trade: Provided, that the authority of the said agent is not to extend to slaves who have been condemned and and sold. Read the rest of this entry »

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    201 in Eufaula Request Transport to Liberia

    Below is a transcription of a letter found in The African Repository, the journal of the American Colonization Society. This was one of many sample letters to the ACS requesting transportation to Liberia. 

    Eufaula, Ala., December 25, 1867.

    We, the undersigned, colored people, take this method to inform you that we would like to embark in may, 1868, for Liberia, if we can be accommodated.  We request that you furnish us with free transportation from this place to Liberia.  We are all poor, and have not any money.

    A E. Williams

    and two hundred others, with their families.

     

    I ordered a copy of the letter from the microfilm owned by the  Manuscript division of the Library of Congress.  The letter has additional information not contained in The African Repository.  This transcription will be the subject of another blog.

     

    Source: American Colonization Society, The African Repository, {Washington: Colonization Society Building, 1868).  Volume XLIV-1868:121: digital image, Google Book Search, (http://books.google.com/books?as_brr=1&id=ZDUfaNo7HOgC&vid=LCCN05039691&dq=eufaula+alabama&jtp=178 :accessed 19 July 2006)

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    From Eufaula, Alabama to Liberia

    On 14 May 1868 the ship Golconda set sail from Savannah, Georgia.  Onboard were 39 Eufaula residents heading for Bexley, Grand Bassa County, Liberia.   According to letters received by the American Colonization Society (ACS), there were hundreds of African Americans from the Eufaula area requesting passage to Africa.  Below is a transcribed list of Eufaula emigrants originally published by the ACS in The African Repository. Read the rest of this entry »

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    Finding Green Stanford

    I fell in love with Green Stanford the first time that I found him in the census records.  He was 74 and living in the 1930 household with his son Will Stanford.  Family members did not talk about him so his name was new to me.  What a cool name, Green.  Because of his unique name, I was able to find his father, William Stanford, and trace the family back to 1870.

    Green StanfordMy second Green surprise was finding his picture on the internet, the day that I was flying to Birmingham, AL to attend IGHR.  My cousin, whom I have never met, published the picture on the family web site.  Finding a photo is an amazing thing, especially when it is unexpected.  The eyes of Green, my 3x great grandfather staring back at me. Read the rest of this entry »

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    William and Kitty Stanford of Barbour County

    William Stanford is my oldest known Stanford ancestor.  Direct evidence of his vital information remains a mystery. Census records lead me to believe that he was born in the Carolinas about 1820 and died in Alabama between 1900 and 1910.  The 1870 census shows that most people with the Stanford surname, in Barbour county, over the age of 40, were born in the Carolinas.

    The power of writing this blog about my 4x great grand father and divine intervention has shown me that I indeed have direct evidence.  I just found marriage evidence.  Folks, it is strange and delightfully overwhelming at the same time.  Here is the blow by blow: Read the rest of this entry »

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    Emancipated. Now Leave the State.

    Below is an extract from the Acts of Alabama, 1818 to 1828, found online.  This is one of many Acts pertaining to people of color that will be posted on this blog. The original documents are at the Alabama Department of Archives and History in Montgomery, AL. 

    AN ACT To authorize Leonard Abercrombie to emancipate certain slaves therein named (1821).

    Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That Leonard Abercrombie of the county of



    100 Dallas be, and he is hereby, authorized and empowered to manumit and set free, a woman of colour named Fanny (alias Fanny Martin) and her ten children, Moreau, Jane, Emily, Morgan, John, Maria, Eliza, Betsey, Fanny, and Lavinia, so soon as the said Leonard Abercrombie shall have executed to the Judge of the county court of the county in which such slaves reside, and his successors in office a bond with sufficient security, to be approved of by said Judge; conditioned that said slaves, Fanny Martin, Moreau, Jane, Emily, Morgan, John, Maria, Eliza, Betsey, Fanny, and Lavinia, or either of them, shall never become chargeable to the State of Alabama, or any county or town therein; that such emancipation shall not in any manner become prejudicial to the creditors of the said Leonard Abercrombie; and that he shall remove said slaves out of this State: Provided, that if any of the persons emancipated by this act shall return into this State and remain as residents of their own accord such person or persons shall be considered to be in the same state of slavery as if this act had never passed. (Approved, Dec. 8th, 1821.)

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    Daniel Reid Emancipates His Children

    Below is an extract from the Acts of Alabama, 1818 to 1828, found online.  This is one of many Acts pertaining to people of color that will be posted on this blog. The original documents are at the Alabama Department of Archives and History in Montgomery, AL. 

     

    An Act to authorize Daniel Reid to emancipate certain slaves therein named (1820).

     

    Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama in General Assembly convened, That Daniel Reid, a man of color of Washington county, be, and he is hereby authorized and empowered to emancipate his two children Judah and Eliza so soon as the said Daniel Reid shall have executed to the Chief Justice of the county court of Washington and his successors in office, a bond with sufficient security to be approved of by the county court conditioned that the said slaves Judah and Eliza or either of them shall never become chargable to the state of Alabama, or any county or town within the same.

    [Approved, December 11th, 1820.]

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    Emancipation of Tom of Lawrence County

    Below is an extract from the Acts of Alabama, 1818 to 1828, found online.  This is one of many Acts pertaining to people of color that will be posted on this blog. The original documents are at the Alabama Department of Archives and History in Montgomery, AL. 

    An act to authorise Killis Walton to emancipate a negro man named Tom (1820).

    Session: Annual Session, Oct – Dec 1820

    Page: 80 

    Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That Killis Walton, of Lawrence county, be, and he is hereby authorised and empowered to emancipate and set free a negro man slave, aged forty years, named Tom, so soon as the said Killis Walton, shall have executed to the chairman, or chief justice of the county court of Lawrence, and his successors it office, a bond, with sufficient security, to be approved by the county court, conditioned, that said negro man slave Tom, shall never become chargeable to this State, or any county or town within the same.

     [Approved, December 11, 1820.]

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